A detailed comparison of general & technical characteristice of React and Angular.

You might have read various articles on React vs Angular framework, but one thing that you might have recognized in them is that they do not go into the vital details of features that we typically need. Hence, what I’m going to do here: to adjust React and Angular in direct comparison.

Here in this article, we will discuss the two JavaScript frameworks and see each inevitable feature in detail so that we won’t leave any vital information. This article is going to provide you a thorough observation and not an opinion on the selection of any framework it’s ultimately on you, what to choose and what not!

Short Overview
React

React is a JavaScript framework appropriated for UI development. React is managed by Facebook and it’s an open-source community of developers.

The framework introduced in May 2013 and the latest update published on August 8th, 2019.

Angular

Angular is also an open-source JavaScript framework for mobile and website development. Angular is managed by Google.

This framework launched in September 2016 and Angular is an entire rewrite of AngularJS, which initiated in 2010. The latest release took place on August 28th, 2019.

Completeness
React

We can use the React framework for both web as well as mobile development. Well, to use React for mobile development – we must collaborate with Cordova.

Also, there is another framework for mobile development, known as React Native. A developer can use the React framework to create multi-page web applications.

Angular

On the other hand, Angular can be used for both mobile and web development too. However, we do need Ionic to execute most of the mobile development work.

Angular does have a supplementary mobile development framework, we call it NativeScript. A creator can use the Angular framework to produce multi-page web applications.

Capability
React

In react framework, we do require an additional library to develop UI. The important functions as data binding, project generation, component-based routing, form validation and dependency injection need additional libraries to be installed.

Angular

Angular is a complete framework for software development and it doesn’t need any library. The functions like data binding, project generation, component-based routing, form validation, and dependency injection does not need additional libraries to be there. These functions can execute with the Angular package.

The Learning Period
React

React framework is easier and doesn’t take much time to learn. It doesn’t carry any classic templates, doesn’t need any dependency injection, and has no complicated features installed. To tell you in simple words that if you know JavaScript, React is easier for you.

Also, there is no predefined project structure, therefore, you must have some basic idea of React before starting a project.

We have discussed above that React does need a library, so a developer must learn the Redux library and Constant framework too.

Angular

Angular framework has a big library, but it requires much time to learn in comparison to the React. However, Angular is extremely complex to understand & component management is very elaborate.

A developer must learn each component of the framework without learning all you can’t use it proficiently.

Well, TypeScript is just like JavaScript, but it takes time to learn and developers need extra learning effort.

Community
React

React is very widespread among developers and its community is huge. As this framework is updated frequently a developer must learn it. However, learning these updates isn’t as easy as a huge documentation associated sometimes.

Big platforms as Twitter, Facebook, Airbnb, Netflix, PayPal, Yahoo, New York Times, Uber, Walmart, and Microsoft use React framework.

angular

Well, Angular is less esteemed than React and criticized mostly due to the AngularJS (earlier version) unpopularity. The developers criticized it as AngularJS was complicated and took a lot of time to learn. However, by time Angular learned its credibility.

This platform owned by Google and it has shown a constant improvement by the time.

Platforms like McDonald’s, HBO, Apple, AT&T, Adobe, and Forbes use Angular framework.

Performance
React

When virtual DOM was introduced the performance of React Framework enhanced so much. Virtual DOM trees constructed on the server and are lightweight, hence they load faster. The data-binding is unidirectional hence, no further workload is built.

angular

Angular framework has bidirectional data-binding, which results in lagging in the performance. Every binding is associated with a watcher to observe changes and every loop endures until all the watchers and related values are thoroughly checked. In simple words, more watchers you create, more troubling process becomes.

On the other hand, due to the last update of Angular, performance has improved a lot. Now the Angular application gets smaller in size to React.

Language
React

React framework is built on JavaScript ES6+ collaborated with JSX script. JSX is an extension, which is composed in HTML and it’s an extension for Syntax.

JSX makes the code easier and aids in finding the typos easily. To assemble JSX code in a browser, we have to connect the React framework with Babel.

angular

Angular uses Typescript or JavaScript, which is a superset of JS developed for bigger projects.

Typescript is very protected than Java and code can be operated easily. The code refactoring process is quite faster in Typescript.

The Structure of Application
React

The React is such a platform that allows the developers to select, there’s not a single and pre-defined React app structure, which we have to obey while creating an app.

Yes, it’s a tedious procedure to draw the app from the beginning, but it has its advantages. The basic structure of the React app is component-based.

Angular

Whereas the structure of Angular is complex and well-suited for seasoned developers. Angular has three strata – model, Controller, and View.

The code of application carries various components and every component has four separate files –

  1. A TypeScript to apply the component
  2. HTML file to express the view
  3. A CSS file to describe the stylistic features
  4. A special file for testing purposes The link to these files written in the directive of the app, it shows the structural logic of the app.
The User-Interface Components
React

The UI tools for the React framework are created by the community. These tools can be free as well as paid too. If you want to use material design components in the React framework, you have to add Material UI Library & Dependencies.

Angular

Angular a complete built-in material toolset and offers a variety to the developer. Angular contains many buttons, indicators, layouts, pop-ups and form controls. Due to such qualities, the UI configuration becomes quicker and simple!

Directives
React

The templates and logic of React templates are explained at the end of the component. This feature allows the reader to grasp the meaning of the code if the developer doesn’t know the Syntax.

Angular

In the Angular framework, every template has an attribute, which is a directive of how the object can be set. The Syntax of Angular is incomprehensible for a reader without any knowledge about working with this framework.

Dependency Injection
React

React framework doesn’t have the provision of dependency injection as it doesn’t obey the principle of data immutability and functional programming.

Angular

Angular supports the dependency injection. Angular framework allows to have distinct lifecycles for diverse stores.

Tools
React

React framework is full of code editors.
Tools that we use in React are – For Code editing – sublime text, Atom and Visual Studio.
To bootstrap a project – Create React App tool.
For component testing – Jest (to test JS code).
For App debugging – React Dev tools. For AR & VR applications – React 360.

 

Angular

Similarly, to React, we have various code editors in Angular as well and these are – For Code editing – Aptana, Visual Studio and Sublime text. To set up the project – Angular CLI. For server-side rendering – Angular Universal.

For testing end-to-end – Protractor, Karma and Jasmine. For App debugging – Augury.

Conclusion

Angular framework is complete whereas React is only for the UI development, which is complete using some additional libraries. React may be simple at first glimpse, but you have to learn to work with JavaScript tools and frameworks.

Angular is complex and we have to learn it thoroughly! However, with proper mastery, we can excel at Angular. Both frameworks have different use and importance. Some feature of one framework is better than the other at some time, while some quality of the second one is better than the first.

It’s your preference now what you want to use and learn. However, I will advise you to learn React at first and with experience you can shift to Angular with time.

Satish Sharma
About the Author

Satish Sharma

Satish is working at Nascenture as Team Lead and has over 8 years of experience in technologies like React, PHP, Node, and Ruby. With his excellent team handling and problem-solving skills, he has independently handled many client projects and successfully delivered them on time. With his professional behavior and excellent software development skills, he has solved many business challenges and provided satisfactory solutions to our clients.